What is Counselling & Psychotherapy?

I believe human beings do have the potential to change and that we are all experts on ourselves. I believe that one’s past is significant however value the Gestalt ‘here and now’ principle of perception and investigation, the Existential approach of making sense of what cannot be changed and the relationship influencers of the Transactional Analysis Ego­states of Parent­Adult­Child. I am interested in the increasing use of cognitive behaviour therapy within organisations as well as the therapy room. I use these principles and models to underpin messages I teach when working

with teams, families and individuals, particularly when they are in conflict. I value ethics, personal responsibility and rights. I embrace research, tools and diagnostics however believe the individual and relationships are central to all interactions, environments and outcomes.

Six sources of anger:

– Loss
– Unmet  needs
– Stress
– Shadow self (hide, deny)
– Self defence (cover up or weapon)
– Invasion of a boundary
– Human emotions
– Anger
– Fear
– Sadness
– Shame
– Hurt
– Happy
– Peaceful
– Tinnitus

A growing problem in our society is Tinnitus. A medical condition with which internally generated permanent noise or noises are experienced, by both sexes of all ages, commonly caused by exposure to loud noise, head injury, ageing and certain medications. The noise is generated by

changes in the neurological pathways of the ear and received and interpreted by the limbic system of the brain. A fight or flight reaction is common. Whilst ‘habituation’ can occur, many people experience an initial and sometimes indefinite period of distress as a reaction to this presently pathologically incurable condition and a common reaction within the medical profession, is unhelpfully telling patients they will ‘have to learn to live with it’. In this way, clinicians, among them audiologists, have thus sometimes been responsible for worsening the effects of tinnitus.

Clients will present with insomnia, panic, loss of appetite, loss of libido and a general inability to function across most facets of life. Many suicide notes have sited Tinnitus as the reason for the chosen path. Occasionally the cause of the tinnitus or an exacerbating factor is amenable to
treatment. Otherwise, the prime need is to alter the client’s reaction to the tinnitus and his beliefs
about it. Tinnitus retraining Therapy Research has been conducted into this distress and how it can be reduced, the most famous being

Jastreboff’s neurophysiological model of tinnitus, which includes the management strategy described as Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT). Including a form of systematic, repeated and skilled counselling, the evidence for its high degree of effectiveness is mounting While it is not a psychological disorder, the problems it causes are in the psychological domain. Over ­attention to the tinnitus, sets up vicious circles of increasing tinnitus, which in turn cause greater anxiety, thereby increasing the tinnitus and so on. In addition, pre­ existing psychological and emotional problems may lead to an increased perception of the tinnitus and anxiety about it, as also can external stresses. As with most other forms of tinnitus counselling, neurophysiologically based counselling aims primarily at teaching patients the real meaning of tinnitus. This aims to remove anxiety and inappropriate beliefs about it, and reduces the tendency for tinnitus to be seen as a threat, which otherwise would tend to enhance the persistence and severity of the tinnitus.